Have you ever heard a song that moved you to the point where you wanted to tell all of your friends about it? Well, that’s the type of feeling you may experience when listening to gospel music. By its very definition, the termgospelmeans ‘good news.’ Gospel music is one of the vehicles through which the ideals of Christianity have been spread to audiences all over the world.
Gospel musicis deeply rooted in the rich traditions of the African-American church. During the late 1800s, African-American churches in the southern United States started fusing various styles of music into their worship services, including African-American spirituals, hymns, and sacred songs. Such music was primarily sung at church and accompanied by hand-clapping and foot-stomping.
At the heart of the gospel music tradition was the use of a choir. The church choir consisted of a group of volunteer singers from the church congregation. Choir members could easily be distinguished from the rest of the congregation because they normally dressed in uniforms, which were choir robes. This might be something you remember from various films likeThe Blues Brothers,Sister Act 2,orNorbit.The types of music sung by the gospel choir followed the call-and-response format similar to that used in traditional hymns and sacred songs.
The traditional structure of gospel music changed in the late 1930s whenThomas A. Dorsey, who became known as the ‘Father of Gospel Music,’ began working for Pilgrim Baptist Church in Chicago, Illinois. Dorsey was a former jazz pianist and composer who had worked with famous players such as Ma Rainey and Hudson Tamp Red Whitaker. Dorsey created a new style of gospel music calledgospel blues, which infused his study of blues and jazz with traditional gospel music. It was initially rejected; however, by the end of the 1930s, gospel blues won over acceptance as the new form of traditional gospel.
Gospel music continued to evolve throughout the late 1930s. There arefour distinct styles of gospel musicincluding, but not limited to, quartet style, traditional gospel, contemporary gospel, and praise and worship.
The gospelquartet styleis one in which a small number of male vocalists sing music together with tight harmonies. The major difference between traditional and contemporary gospel styles is that whiletraditional gospelusually features a more basic sound suited for singing by a choir,contemporary gospelplaces more emphasis on solo artists. Most contemporary artists rarely sing with a choir.Praise and worshipis a combination of both contemporary and traditional gospel styles, in that a praise leader has a small group of singers to help lead the congregation into singing gospel songs.
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